Most of the guide books do not have Montjuic as Barcelona’s greenbelt. On the contrary, they talk about Parc de Collserola, which cover over more than 11,000 hectares that separate Barcelona with other towns like Sant Cugat and Cerdanyola. Although, both have the function to oxygenate the city.
Montjuic, Barcelona’s greenbelt
Montjuic faces the sea from a height of 173 meters and its etymology reminds us that this was the Mount of the Jews, where a medieval cemetery was located. However, it could also come directly from the Latin Mons lovis (Mount of Jupiter) that appears on Roman works of the first century.
However, Montjuic is, undoubtedly, one of the green areas of the city. Before the Barcelona Olympic, however, the history of this mountain inhabited by the Iberians in the third and second century. B.C, contains many other data.
Some of them are:
- I has always been a strategic place, though Montjuic Castle was built in 1751 on the foundations of a watchtower of the seventeenth century.
- The place has witnessed Napoleon’s troops, Spanish troops, and violence against anarchist workers and the Tragic Week in Barcelona, among others.
- The Universal Exhibition of 1929, which changed completely the mountain area
- Probably the Jewish cemetery is the largest in the Western Mediterranean.
- The major reform of the 1992 Olympics, in which Montjuic became a place of worship to the sport that kept the character of viewpoint of the city.
Sightseeing in Montjuic
While there are other parks and green areas of great interest in more peripheral areas of the city (for example, Turo de la Rovira and Carmel’s famous bunkers), Montjuic hosts a mix of old, modernism and monuments.
The best known of them all is the Magic Fountain, a spectacle of light, color and sound at the foot of Plaza España near the MNAC (National art museum of Catalunya).
Not far away, the Poble Espanyol (Spanish Village) includes many of the great corners of the geography of the whole country and it was supposed to be destroyed after the 1929 Expo, but its success has kept it alive for more than 80 years.
Montjuïc, Barcelona’s greenbelt is one of the essential places that every visitor of the city can not miss. The Pere Tarres Youth Hostel is the best hostel in Barcelona to stay and enjoy this great city.