Barcelona is one of the oldest cities in Spain. Although its origins are unclear, there are indications that its history goes back to 4000 years ago, the late Neolithic and early Chalcolithic (2000-1500 BC). Although Iberians, Greeks and Carthaginians villages passed around the city, it was not until the end of the 1st century BC, that Barcelona was officially founded under the name of Lulia Augusta Paterna Barcino Faventina, with the occupation of the Romans.
Throughout the years, Barcelona had conquests of the strongest realms of history, Visigoths, Muslims, Carolingian, etc, and has overcome every adversity with which it has had to fight to become in the cosmopolitan city we know today. It has lived each and every one of the styles of art and architecture, from Roman to contemporary, through romanticism, realism, impressionism, gothic, baroque and modernism, among others, which are reflected mainly in churches, monasteries and temples.
For centuries the Church has dominated the cities, seizing the faith of the people and proclaiming their beliefs. Therefore, the best way to learn the history of a city is to visit their church buildings. If you decide to travel to Barcelona, discover historic churches is practically a must-do activity you can not miss if you want to discover the origins of the city. We show you a list of the most popular:
- La Sagrada Familia. Most important work of the modernist architect, Antoni Gaudí, Sagrada Familia in Barcelona is the symbol of the city. The works of the Church of Sagrada Familia began in 1882 and still continue today. Author: paola.marchio / photo on flickr
- Basílica de Santa Maria del Mar. Santa Maria del Mar is definitely the best example of Catalan Gothic. Built in just 55 years, has three spaces impregnated of beauty, spectacular and above all greatness.
- Catedral de Barcelona. The Cathedral of Santa Eulalia, also known as Barcelona Cathedral, is Gothic and represents the image of the neighborhood where it is located, Barri Gòtic, plus the seat of the Archbishop of Barcelona. The cathedral consists of the temple and the cloister, which have a wealth of Gothic details, such as arches and vault. Author: Enrique Freire / photo on flickr
- Sant Felip Neri Church. Baroque church of Sant Felip Neri hides one of the most tragic events that has lived Barcelona, 1938 bombing during the Spanish Civil War. Shrapnel still seen in its facade. Author: WordRidden / photo on flickr
- Other. Besides the above, Barcelona has many more historic churches, among which Basilica of Santa Maria del Pi, Basilica de la Mercè and the Monastery of Santa Maria de Pedralbes.